Have you ever stopped to wonder what animals live in the soil we walk on each day? Maybe you have thought about what conditions are important to those animals. Well, here is your answer.

There are a lot of diverse animals that make their life in the soil. The earth’s soil is a living, breathing resource. It not only helps us to grow food, but also fuel and fiber. None of these things could be done without animals helping out with the soil though. Animals such as insects, burrowing animals, turtles, and gophers live in the soil. The condition of the soil is quite important to these animals.

earthworm-and-soilMany animals that live in the soil use it for their protection from predators and the weather. Earthworms are found living in the soil commonly. They are helpful because they aerate the soil through their movements that mix and turn the soil. Their burrows create large pores in the soil that allow water to flow through the soil rather than run off of it and cause erosion.

Ants also live in the soil and help it. Have you ever seen an ant colony?  They are amazingly made with many tunnels and chambers that they use as their kitchens and living areas. The worker ants in the colonies are always building more areas to keep up with their rapidly growing numbers. By doing this, they create pores in the soil that allows water and air to get to plants and help them to grow.

Animals that live in the soil have a beneficial relationship with it. They get things from the soil but also return things back to it. The soil’s biodiversity is critical to the health of the soil and the health of the world. We humans need to respect these animals and the soil they count on each day. The animals in the soil provide many benefits to the soil, making them an important part of agriculture and the ecosystem. These animals help with putting nutrients into the soil, degrading organic matter, mixing organic matter into the soil, maintaining and improving soil structure, and controlling pathogen populations.

 

Our job is to keep the soil healthy for the animals who then, in turn, keep it healthy for us.